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Outlining Text in a Pattern in Illustrator CS6

This would make a really eye catching poster, or book cover. I like to use it on early 20th C text styles such as Art Deco with simple monochromatic hues. It works equally well if you are planning to create a 70’s or early 80’s Disco style, provided you use bright, almost neon colors in the design. 


Step 1 - Create a Rectangle

Select the Rectangle tool or press M and draw a large rectangle on the page. 

Rectangle


It’s not important how large the shape is, nor what color is used to fill it. Make sure the Stroke is set to none however. 


Step 2 - Fill With a Striped Pattern

From the Window menu choose Window > Swatch Library > Patterns > Basic Graphics > Basic Graphics_Lines and click on the Swatch named 6 lpi 10%


Lines


The rectangle will fill with a thin pin-stripe. Re-size the rectangle until it is larger than the page. 


Step 3 - Expand the Pattern

The striped pattern will remain horizontal, however I want it to be at 45°. With the stripe filled rectangle selected choose Object > Expand

Expand menu


Fill is the only option available here, so click OK to accept it and expand the pattern fill into a group of paths. 


Step 4 - Rotate the pattern

Using the select tool, grab the shape just outside one of the corner points and begin to turn it clockwise. Press and hold SHIFT as you turn to use increments of 45°. 

Rotate


Step 5 -  Copy and paste the Shape

Still with the shape selected choose Edit > Copy or press Command-C. Then paste the copied shape in front of the original by pressing Command-F


Step 6 - Add the Text

To make it easier to format the text, switch off the visibility of both the shape layers. Select the Type tool and add the text. 

Text Added


Here I formatted the text using the Tw Cen MT font and varying the size and case of the lines.


Step 7 - Create Outlines

In order for the text to blend with the lines to create the effect we need to turn it into Paths. With the text frame selected choose Type > Create Outlines or press Shift-Command-O

Outline Text


Step 8 - Add a Stroke and remove the fill

Use the Swatch panel to change the Fill color of the outlined text to None and the Stroke color to Black. This will enable the editing of the stroke to create a better relationship with the line pattern. 

Color settings


Step 9 - Thicken the Stroke

Use the stroke panel to set the stroke so that its aligned to the inside of the path. 

Stroke settings

Then increase the Strokes width until the letters become solid again. 


Step 10 - Round the Text Corners

Use the Round Corners effect to soften the letters, Effect > Stylize > Round Corners

Rounded Corners

This step is not vital, but you should find it makes the join between the text and the lines a little better. 


Step 11 - Create an Opacity Mask

Switch on the uppermost shape layer so that the text and the angled stripe pattern are visible, and select both. Using the Transparency panel click the Make Mask button to generate an opacity mask. 

Opacity Mask


At first the mask will obscure the image, however checking the Invert box will make the image re-appear as a combination on stripes and text. 


Step 12 - Expand the Masks paths

To make the masked image more editable, expand it. With the masked image selected, go to Object > Expand and press OK on the menu that appears. 


Step 13 - Thicken the Stroke on the text

The stroke is not available to edit on the Mask, however clicking on the Edit Contents button will reveal the strokes settings. 

Edit Contents


Use the stroke weight option to fatten up the stripes of the letters so that they will stand out against the stripe pattern later. In this case I set the weight to 5pt, but that very much depends on the size of the font used. 


Step 14 - Turn on the second stripe pattern

Open the layers panel and turn on the last of the layers visibility. This combines the image of the thicker striped text and the thin striped pattern to look like one set of stripes with different thicknesses, that form the letters. 

Combined Image


Up close this might prove a little hard to read but from a distance the text is visible. 


Step 15 - Try other color combinations

As I said earlier the design can work just as well using various colors. Adding a background layer with a radial gradient applied (to act like a Vignette) can really enhance the design. 


Color change


I also re-selected the masks contents and changed the colors of the text/stripe combo to an inky blue to compliment the neutral background. 


Step 16 - Push it Further

As well as working with more muted traditional colors, extreme contrasts can work just as well. Here I swapped the colors for an electric blue gradated background and a bright pink stripe and text. 


Bright Color change

 

One area that might enhance the design further would be to create a more curved flowing text. It’s worth trying a stroke setting that utilizes the variable width stroke presets. They wont always enhance the design, indeed sometimes quite the opposite but don’t let that put you off trying. 

Variable Width


Keep experimenting with the stroke thickness, color combination and fonts to see what you can create. If nothing else its great practice using the Opacity Masks for future designs. 


David Smith

David Smith | Articles by this author

David Smith is Scotland's most qualified Apple and Adobe certified trainer. Having completed his education at Edinburgh College of Art's BAFTA winning Film School, David moved straight into TV production, first as a Vision Mixer then quickly becoming, at the age of just 24, a director of live TV studio productions. In 2001 he moved into Higher Education where he became a lecturer in TV Production, specializing in post-production and live studio production. During this time, and working with the support of the BBC, Channel 4 and independent production companies, David was instrumental in the design, development and implementation of industry-approved vocational courses across Scotland's Colleges. In 2006, after working closely with Apple Computers to create a unique multimedia studio for education at the Music and Media Centre in Perth, David became Scotland's first Apple-Certified Trainer for Pro Apps. This led on to David forming the first Apple Authorized Training Centre for Education, north of Manchester. In 2008 David made the move to full time training and joined the ranks at Academy Class, Ltd. where he continues to train industry professionals as a certified trainer across the Adobe Creative Suite and Apple Pro Apps range.

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