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教程:新手指南到Illustrator
Geoff Blake on Mon, February 21st | 0 comments
I love Illustrator. In fact, I love Illustrator even more than I love Photoshop. Those with rotten tomatoes ready in hand after that statement, please form a queue to the left! Don't get me wrong, Pho

我爱的Illustrator。事实上,我爱插画家,甚至比我爱的Photoshop。声明后,手烂番茄的话,请左边形成一个队列!不要误会,Photoshop是绝对真棒。但对我来说只是操纵路径,成型的文本,将影响到艺术品的真正了不起的东西 - 所有没有第二个想法 - 关于质量或文件的大小已落入我的Illustrator世界进一步为更多和我工作。

In this tutorial, we'll take a look at Illustrator from a beginner's perspective. Before we go too far though, be sure to read up on another post I wrote called Illustrator vs Photoshop if you haven't already done so. It'll give you a primer in the key differences between these two graphics powerhouses.

As soon as you launch Illustrator, you'll be met with the Welcome Screen. The Welcome Screen is a great place to get started, as it'll enable you to open files that you recently had open, create new print, web, or video files, and also access a few extra resources. Let's go ahead and get started.

第1步

在Illustrator的“欢迎”屏幕中,单击创建新的标题下打印文件。这将打开新建文档对话框。在这里,你可以指定文件的尺寸,数量画板(相当于Illustrator的多个页面),和少数其他选项。

第2步

In the New Document dialog box, go ahead and set up your file as you'd like. This is usually the first thing that you want to do in Illustrator before you get tearing into your project. When you're ready, go ahead and click OK.


Now that we have a new, blank file ready to go in Illustrator, we can get familiar with some of the fundamentals. Let's get started by taking a look at a few basic shape tools and how to apply some color.

第3步

过右侧的工具箱中,单击并按住矩形工具。这将激活工具箱飞出,在那里你会发现各种形状工具,如椭圆形,多边形,星形工具。

Go ahead and choose any shape tool you'd like. I think I'll go with the Star tool -- creating stars is pretty cool in Illustrator. Before we go any further, do me a favor and hit the "D" key on your keyboard (just "D" all by itself). This ensures that you'll be drawing with the default fill and stroke colors.

第4步

你的光标移动到您的文档(所谓的画板 - 这是您的绘图区域),当你准备好了,单击并拖动以创建一个形状。

创建形状是很容易的。现在让我们尝试一些了几个很酷的技巧。

第5步

First, as you're dragging your shape, try holding down Shift. If you're drawing a rectangle or an ellipse, your shape will snap to a 'perfect' shape (either a perfect square or a perfect circle). If you're drawing a polygon or a star, your shape will snap to be drawn perfectly straight. Next, try holding down Opt (Mac) or Alt (PC). This has no effect if you're drawing polygons or stars, but if it's ellipses or rectangles you're drawing, you'll now be creating your shape from the centre rather than from a corner. Cool!


Okay, my favorite technique. This applies to polygons and stars. As you're dragging, try tapping your up and down arrow keys. Your arrow keys will add or subtract sides (in the case of polygons) or points (if you're creating a star). Awesome!

好吧,现在我们已经创建了一个形状,让一些颜色的填充它。

第6步

首先,在工具箱中,单击选择工具(在上面的黑色箭头)。然后,单击工具箱底部的“填充颜色”色板,以确保他的顶部。

Finally, let's head to the Swatches panel on the right and choose a color. You may have to choose Window > Swatches if it's not visible onscreen. Choose whichever color you'd like -- your shape will be completely filled with it.


Want to change the outline color? No problem. Illustrator calls a shape's outline the stroke...

第7步

点击“X”键在键盘上。这在工具箱的底部翻转填充颜色和笔触颜色色板,所以现在的笔触颜色色板的顶部和重点。现在,头回“色板”面板中,选择另一种颜色。你的颜色应用到你的形状轮廓。在我的例子,我在尼斯和关闭缩放,所以你可以看到效果。但是,你可能有一个艰难的时间,看到你的笔触颜色。让我们来解决。

第8步

Choose Window > Appearance to open Illustrator's Appearance panel. The Appearance panel is where a lot of the fun happens. Let's take a look. First, notice how it displays your fill and stroke. Try clicking on the stroke; now you can increase the stroke weight. Easy.

第9步

在外观面板中,单击下面的“ 不透明度默认 ”这取消行程。您可能需要延长面板要做到这一点的高度。接下来,让我们投身到我们的形状效果。选择的影响

In the Pucker & Bloat dialog box, turn on Preview and try dragging the slider to the left and right. Pretty sweet, huh? Fiddle around for a bit, then click OK when you're happy with the result. Notice that Pucker & Bloat gets added to the Appearance panel.


What's amazing is that this effect is non-destructive. In other words, we can come back to this file later on, and adjust our Pucker & Bloat, or remove it altogether, and we'd still have our original shape intact. Let's try something else. Traditionally, shapes in Illustrator could only have one stroke and one fill. This all changed a few versions back, and now what we can do is put multiple fills and multiple strokes onto a single vector object.

第10步

在外观面板中,对中风再次单击,然后点击“复制选取项目”面板底部。现在你的对象有两招。

使用颜色样本和权重设置,改变你的中风。

第11步

现在让我们应用我们新的中风效果。选择的影响

拨弄了一下四周,然后单击确定时,即可大功告成。

这是这样一个简单的介绍到Illustrator中,它几乎是不公平的!我尝试一些基本平衡以及一些很酷的效果,并希望能够堆叠多个笔画,适用于多种效果,所以到一个单一的对象是有道理的。你明白之后,在Illustrator中的唯一的限制是你的创造力!

坦率地说,我们仅仅触及表面。检查出一个完整的指南教程Illustrator 的101 Illustrator 102

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