Rather than run multiple instances of a virtual instrument to access multiple sounds learn how to use them in multi-timbral mode. Toby Pitman unravels the mystery behind how to set these up in Logic.
ë©€í‹° Timbral ì†Œí”„íŠ¸ synthsì€ everyones ì†Œë‹‰ ì•„ìŠ¤ë‚ ê³¼ ì¸ìŠ¤í„´íŠ¸ ë©”ì‹œì§€ì˜ ì¤‘ìš”í•œ ë¶€ë¶„ ìžˆëŠ”ì§€ ì´ê²ƒì„ ì½ëŠ” ëª¨ë“ ì‚¬ëžŒë“¤ì´ ê°™ì€ í•˜ë‚˜ ì´ìƒì˜ ë‹¤ì¤‘ timbral ì†Œí”„íŠ¸ì›¨ì–´ ì•…ê¸° ê²ƒìž…ë‹ˆë‹¤ Omnisphere , Kontakt ë˜ëŠ” ìž¬ìƒ.
ì—ì„œ ë¡œì§ ì´ ì•…ê¸°ì˜ ê° ì±„ë„ì— ì•¡ì„¸ìŠ¤í•˜ë ¤ë©´ì´ ë¬¸ì„œì—ì„œ ë¶ˆê¸¸í•œ ë©€í‹° timbral ì†Œí”„íŠ¸ synthsë¥¼ ì‚¬ìš©í•˜ê¸°ìœ„í•œ ëª‡ ê°€ì§€ ë‹¤ë¥¸ ì†”ë£¨ì…˜ì—ì„œ ì°¾ê³ ì—¬ëŸ¬ ê°€ì§€ ë°©ë²•ì´ ìžˆìŠµë‹ˆë‹¤.
Logics ë©€í‹° ì¸ìŠ¤ íŠ¸ë£¨ë¨¼íŠ¸ í™˜ê²½ ê°œì²´ëŠ” ë¡¤ëžœë“œ JV - 1080ì´ë‚˜ Korg Wavestation ê°™ì€ ì™¸ë¶€ ë©€í‹° timbral í•˜ë“œì›¨ì–´ synth ì›Œí¬ ìŠ¤í…Œì´ì…˜ê³¼ í•¨ê»˜ ì‚¬ìš©í•˜ê¸° ìœ„í•´ ì„¤ê³„ë˜ì—ˆìŠµë‹ˆë‹¤.
ê·¸ ë’¤ì— ì•„ì´ë””ì–´ëŠ” ê·¸ ë…¼ë¦¬ì—ì„œ í•˜ë“œì›¨ì–´ MIDI ì¸í„°íŽ˜ì´ìŠ¤ (ë§¤ê°œ ë³€ìˆ˜ ìƒìžì— ëª©ë¡ ì•„ëž˜ í¬íŠ¸ ë“œë¡ì„ í†µí•´)ì— í¬íŠ¸ì— ì—°ê²°ë˜ì–´ìžˆì„ë§Œí•œ í™˜ê²½ ê°œì²´ì—ì„œ 16 ì´ì‚° MIDI ì±„ë„ì— ì•¡ì„¸ìŠ¤í•˜ëŠ” ê²ƒì´ì—ˆë‹¤. ë‹¹ì‹ ì€ í•˜ë“œì›¨ì–´ ì¸í„°íŽ˜ì´ìŠ¤ì—ì„œ ì„ íƒí•œ í¬íŠ¸ê°€ ë‹¤ìŒ MIDI ì¼€ì´ë¸” (ê·¸ë“¤ì„ ê¸°ì–µí•˜ì„¸ìš”??)ì™€ synthì— ì—°ê²°í•˜ê³ ê°€ì•¼ ì¢‹ì•˜ìŠµë‹ˆë‹¤.
ì•„ì´ë””ì–´ëŠ” ë‹¹ì‹ ì˜ ìŠ¤íŠœë””ì˜¤ í•˜ë“œì›¨ì–´ synth ì„¤ì •ì„ ì¼ì¹˜ ë©€í‹° ì¸ìŠ¤ íŠ¸ë£¨ë¨¼ íŠ¸ì˜ ë¶€í•˜ì™€ í…œí”Œë¦¿ì„ ìžˆì—ˆë‹¤.
ì´ ê°œì²´ëŠ” 16 ì•…ê¸° ê°œì²´ë¥¼ ìž‘ì„±í•˜ê³ ê°œë³„ì ìœ¼ë¡œ ìžì‹ ì˜ MIDI ì±„ë„ê³¼ í¬íŠ¸ë¥¼ í• ë‹¹í•´ì•¼í•˜ëŠ” ê²ƒë³´ë‹¤ í›¨ì”¬ ë” ìœ ì„ í˜•í–ˆë‹¤. ì˜¤ëŠ˜í•˜ë ¤ë©´ ë‹¤ì¤‘ ì•…ê¸°ëŠ” ì—¬ì „ížˆ ì™¸ë¶€ í•˜ë“œì›¨ì–´ ë©€í‹° timbral synthë¥¼ ì‚¬ìš©í•˜ëŠ” ê°€ìž¥ ì¢‹ì€ ë°©ë²•ìž…ë‹ˆë‹¤.
ì´ë¦¬ ì¤˜ ë´ë¼!
ë”°ë¼ì„œ ë©€í‹° timbral ì†Œí”„íŠ¸ Synthsë“¤ì´ ì—¬ëŸ¬ MIDI ì±„ë„ì„ í•´ê²°í•˜ê¸° ìœ„í•´ ë¡œì§ì—ì„œ ìœ ì¼í•˜ê²Œ ì‹¤ì œ ì†”ë£¨ì…˜ì„ ë“±ìž¥í•˜ê¸° ì‹œìž‘í–ˆì„ ë•Œ ë‚´ë¶€ í™˜ê²½ ë‚´ë¶€ ì†Œí”„íŠ¸ì›¨ì–´ ì•…ê¸° ì±„ë„ ìŠ¤íŠ¸ë¦½ì— ë©€í‹° ì•…ê¸° ê°ì²´ë¥¼ ì„ ê²ƒì´ì—ˆë‹¤. ë‹¹ì‹ ì´ í• ì¼ì€ ê·¸ê²ƒì´ ë‹¤ì¤‘ ì•…ê¸°ì˜ ëª¨ë“ 16 MIDI ì±„ë„ì„ë°›ì„ ìˆ˜ ìžˆë„ë¡ ì±„ë„ ìŠ¤íŠ¸ë¦½ì—ìžˆëŠ” MIDI ì±„ë„ ì „ì²´ë¡œ ì„¤ì •ë˜ì—ˆëŠ”ì§€ í™•ì¸ë˜ì—ˆìŠµë‹ˆë‹¤.
ê·¸ëŸ° ë‹¤ìŒ ì •ë ¬ íŽ˜ì´ì§€ì—ì„œ ë©€í‹° ì•…ê¸°ì— ëŒ€í•´ íŠ¸ëž™ì„ ë§Œë“¤ ëŒ ë‹¹ì‹ ì´ ê°”ë‹¤.
ï¿¼Now this object was never really intended for internal use, mainly because there were no soft synths in existence when â€˜Logicâ€™ came into being in 1993! Letâ€™s not forget that VSTi didnâ€™t even appear until 1999 and the first multi-timbral soft synth I can think of was Kontakt which appeared in 2002.
One tell tale sign of this not being itâ€™s intended use is the warning sign you get when you connect a Multi Instrument to a Channel Strip.
Iâ€™m sure youâ€™ve all seen this warning and idea of this is to let you know that by default the Multi Instrument wants to connect to the outside world via a Port. You can see all the available Ports I have in the image below. I managed to dig out an Emagic MT4 for effect!
By default the Multi Instrument will connect itself to â€˜allâ€™ those Ports on creation. Removing the Port settings ensures that any MIDI you pipe through the Multi Instrument canâ€™t escape Logic into the outside world.
Although the Multi Instrument works well internally itâ€™s a a pain to set up especially if you like starting from a blank slate. Thereâ€™s also the issue of MIDI CC7 (Volume) not being able to control the levels of each part in your synth, as no matter what channel your send this message on it always ends up controlling the overall channel strip volume fader! So not perfect!
ë©€í‹° ì•…ê¸°ì˜ ì£½ìŒ?
Now up until Logic 8 this was your only real option for using multi-timbral soft synths in Logic. Then Apple had a bright idea!
Inside the â€˜New Tracksâ€™ dialogue box a small checkbox appears when you select Software Instrument. The checkbox is marked â€˜Multi-timbralâ€™.
It is now possible to create multiple copies (between 1-16 in the dialogue box) of your Software Instrument track in the Arrange page each with itâ€™s own discrete MIDI channel thus eliminating the need for wiring up a Multi Instrument object! Hooray!! Well not quite!
Despite this looking quite fancy in the Arrange area, behind the scenes in the Environment object numbers are starting to add up! For this to work Logic has to duplicate the â€˜Channel Stripâ€™ in the environment for each discrete MIDI channel you want.
Now if you never go in the Environment thatâ€™s fine. If you do youâ€™ll have to wade through reams of duplicate faders. Donâ€™t forget this also adds to Logics memory consumption too!
Below are some of the faders for â€˜fourâ€™ 16 channel software instruments (64 channel strips).
ï¿¼The weird thing is you donâ€™t actually gain any advantages over the â€˜Multi Instrumentâ€™ object technique as far as control goes. If you move the fader for one the other 15 duplicates move as well. You still canâ€™t use CC7 or CC10 (pan) as it will effect channel strip volume and pan on all 15 copies.
Saying that it is a big leap forward in convenience. But still not quite perfect!
ìŠ¤ë§ˆíŠ¸ ì†Œí”„íŠ¸ Synths
Now one plugin in particular that is quite clever in the way it deals with multi-timbrality is Stylus RMX
I came across this by accident when editing a MIDI file Iâ€™d dragged from Stylus into the Arrange page in the Event List.
I noticed that if I dragged a MIDI file from say â€˜Part 4â€™ in Stylus that it actually bought the MIDI channel (Ch 4) information with it inside the region (MIDI file).
It dawned on me that as long as my Software Instrument track was set to channel â€˜Allâ€™ there was no need to create and wire up a â€˜Multi Instrumentâ€™ or create â€˜Multi-timbralâ€™ tracks
as the MIDI was automatically speaking to the right part in Stylus via the MIDI channel information in the region!
All I had to do was duplicate the track using Option + Command + S (Track > New With Same Channel Strip/Instrument). Each new part I dragged from Stylus sent the information over itâ€™s own discrete MIDI channel! This is now how I use Stylus.
í˜¼í•© ì‹ í˜¸ ë³´ë‚´ê¸°
So what if you want to trigger each discrete part from a keyboard? Well by default every MIDI controller transmits on MIDI Ch 1. There is however no reason why you canâ€™t change this! All controllers have the ability to change their MIDI Transmit (TX) channel.
If I want to access the sounds on say Part 4 of Stylus from a duplicated track I could just set my controller keyboard to Transmit on Ch 4 so itâ€™s on the right channel before it enters Logic! Simple!
In fact Iâ€™ve found this to be an really quick way to program with Stylus. Triggering another â€˜Partâ€™ is as simple as pressing a + or - key on my controller to switch the MIDI channel.
In the image below you can see 4 Parts of Stylus being triggered from one region. Have a look at the note information. In the â€˜Châ€™ column you can see the notes are on different MIDI channels.
This also cuts my track count although I can easily separate these by selecting the region and going to MIDI > Separate MIDI Events > By Event Channel.
It even automatically duplicates the tracks for me too.
You could even go as far as to build a MIDI channel switcher using some Transformers before the Sequencer Input in the Environment hooked up to a hardware fader. Just move the fader to access any channel of a multi-timbral synth instantly.
Note: This might be a project for the more (ahem!).... adventurous Logic user!
ì´ë™ ì•„ì§ë„ ë°©ë²•!
For me thereâ€™s still a way to go in Logic before multi-timbral and multi â€˜outputâ€™ synths are integrated in a harmonious way.
For instance if I want to have a multi-timbral soft synth with 16 MIDI channels and 16 stereo outputs (and automate those outputs) I need a whopping 32 tracks in the Arrange just for that one instrument!!
What Iâ€™d like to see is a setup where â€˜Auxiliaryâ€™ audio objects that were created from a Software Instrument (for multi output usage) were also able to be used as â€˜sequencer tracksâ€™, each with their own unique MIDI channel.
Maybe in Logic 10
? In the meantime check out SteveHâ€™s Logic TNT2
and Logic TNT3
series for specific tips on working with multi-timbral instruments and much, much more!