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Audio Mistakes 105 - 10 Common Panning Mistakes.
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What is a popular technique for widening mono tracks?
Flipping the absolute polarity of the signal
Wide-panned micro-pitch-shifts and short delays
Running the track through an overdrive effect, which spreads out the added distortion harmonics
It is not possible to widen a mono track
A typical mixer's Pan Pot…
uses Amplitude differences between left & right for positioning
uses Harmonic differences between left & right for positioning
uses Phase differences between left & right for positioning
uses frequency differences between left & right for positioning
When positioned all the way to, say, the Left…
both a True Stereo Panner and a Balance control will play only the Left
a True Stereo Panner will play both Left & Right in mono, while a Balance control will play only the Left
a True Stereo Panner will play only the Right in mono, while a Balance control will play only the Left
both a True Stereo Panner and a Balance control will play both Left & Right in mono
When it coems to Panning, many modern mixes try to maintain…
a darker tonality in the center of the mix than on the sides
some degree of symmetry in terms of instrument & vocal placement, between the L&R sides of the mix
a wider dynamic range on the sides of the mix than in the center
a brighter tonality on the sides of the mix than in the center
When it comes to Panning conventions in modern mixing...
everything should be dead center
the same methods should be employed with all musical styles & genres
different approaches may be taken with different musical styles & genres
everything should simply be panned hard left, center, and hard right
What is hard panning?
It's when the the Panning is automated, with a ping-pong effect between left & right
It's when the the Panning is automated, with an auto-pan effect
It's when the Phase of the signal on the left is reversed relative to the signal on the right
It's when a signal is panned all the way to the left or right, in only one speaker
What happens if a pseudo-stereo image is created from a mono track by flipping the "Phase" of one side?
The track will be heard in stereo even if the mix is collapsed to mono
The track will play properly in stereo, even if collapsed to mono, under any conditions
The track will completely cancel if collapsed to mono before the audio hits the speakers
The track will be heard in mono if the mix is collapsed to mono
How can an Auto-Panner create Panning motion between left & right?
Via a pan knob
Via a LPF
Via selective compression
Via an LFO
Pan Law can be set to…
give you a guideline for panning mono and stereo tracks
automatically compensate for any level change between a signal panned center and panned to the side
automatically prevent a novice mixer from making poor Panning decisions
guarantee that mono tracks will only be panned to hard left, center, and hard right
Having tracks bunched up at the hard left, center, and hard right positions…
is the only correct way to pan when there are mono tracks in the mix
is a classic panning method from '60s stereo recordings, preferred by artists & producers
is how audio engineers were able to turn old mono recordings into stereo
fails to take advantage of the potential increase in mix clarity & detail from more evenly spaced panning
When setting Pan positions and maintaining a degree of symmetry for the mix…
mixers should always pan guitars and keyboards hard left and right
mixers need to watch out for solos performed by left-handed players
mixers need to watch out for changes in instrumentation from section to section
mixers need to watch out for drum & bass tracks that run through the entire song
How can you get a True Stereo panner in Logic?
Use the Direction Mixer plugin
It is not possible to get a True Stereo panner in Logic
Use the Stereo Spread plugin
Make sure that the Channel Mode is set to Stereo
M-S (Mid-Side) processing can usually widen the image of an alread) Stereo signal by...
lowering the level of the Side signal
muting the Side signal
raising the level of the Mid signal
raising the level of the Side signal
Audio Mistakes 105
10 Common Panning Mistakes
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