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Audio Mistakes 105 - 10 Common Panning Mistakes.
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How can an Auto-Panner create Panning motion between left & right?
Via a pan knob
Via selective compression
Via a LPF
Via an LFO
M-S (Mid-Side) processing can usually widen the image of an alread) Stereo signal by...
lowering the level of the Side signal
raising the level of the Mid signal
muting the Side signal
raising the level of the Side signal
What is hard panning?
It's when a signal is panned all the way to the left or right, in only one speaker
It's when the the Panning is automated, with an auto-pan effect
It's when the the Panning is automated, with a ping-pong effect between left & right
It's when the Phase of the signal on the left is reversed relative to the signal on the right
A typical mixer's Pan Pot…
uses Phase differences between left & right for positioning
uses Harmonic differences between left & right for positioning
uses frequency differences between left & right for positioning
uses Amplitude differences between left & right for positioning
How can you get a True Stereo panner in Logic?
Make sure that the Channel Mode is set to Stereo
It is not possible to get a True Stereo panner in Logic
Use the Stereo Spread plugin
Use the Direction Mixer plugin
When it coems to Panning, many modern mixes try to maintain…
a wider dynamic range on the sides of the mix than in the center
a darker tonality in the center of the mix than on the sides
a brighter tonality on the sides of the mix than in the center
some degree of symmetry in terms of instrument & vocal placement, between the L&R sides of the mix
When setting Pan positions and maintaining a degree of symmetry for the mix…
mixers need to watch out for solos performed by left-handed players
mixers should always pan guitars and keyboards hard left and right
mixers need to watch out for changes in instrumentation from section to section
mixers need to watch out for drum & bass tracks that run through the entire song
Pan Law can be set to…
automatically prevent a novice mixer from making poor Panning decisions
guarantee that mono tracks will only be panned to hard left, center, and hard right
give you a guideline for panning mono and stereo tracks
automatically compensate for any level change between a signal panned center and panned to the side
Having tracks bunched up at the hard left, center, and hard right positions…
fails to take advantage of the potential increase in mix clarity & detail from more evenly spaced panning
is the only correct way to pan when there are mono tracks in the mix
is how audio engineers were able to turn old mono recordings into stereo
is a classic panning method from '60s stereo recordings, preferred by artists & producers
When it comes to Panning conventions in modern mixing...
everything should be dead center
different approaches may be taken with different musical styles & genres
everything should simply be panned hard left, center, and hard right
the same methods should be employed with all musical styles & genres
What is a popular technique for widening mono tracks?
Running the track through an overdrive effect, which spreads out the added distortion harmonics
It is not possible to widen a mono track
Flipping the absolute polarity of the signal
Wide-panned micro-pitch-shifts and short delays
When positioned all the way to, say, the Left…
both a True Stereo Panner and a Balance control will play both Left & Right in mono
both a True Stereo Panner and a Balance control will play only the Left
a True Stereo Panner will play only the Right in mono, while a Balance control will play only the Left
a True Stereo Panner will play both Left & Right in mono, while a Balance control will play only the Left
What happens if a pseudo-stereo image is created from a mono track by flipping the "Phase" of one side?
The track will be heard in mono if the mix is collapsed to mono
The track will completely cancel if collapsed to mono before the audio hits the speakers
The track will be heard in stereo even if the mix is collapsed to mono
The track will play properly in stereo, even if collapsed to mono, under any conditions
Audio Mistakes 105
10 Common Panning Mistakes
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