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How To Create Smoke Effects in After Effects

There are several different types of animated smoke effects you can create in After Effects, and several ways to create them. In this tutorial, I'm going to show you a quick way to simulate a dense campfire or chimney smoke using Particle Playground.

Let's get started!

Step 1 - Apply Particle Playground

First, make a new composition of 10 seconds or so, at whatever resolution you like - I'm working at 1280x720, as usual. Add a new black Solid (Command/Ctrl-Y), and make it the size of the comp. Apply Particle Playground to the comp (Effect > Simulation > Particle Playground) and set up Cannon as follows:

Note that I've moved the Cannon emitter to the bottom of the comp frame, and set Gravity to zero, so the particles won't fall back down after being emitted. Also note that I've set the Particle Color to a light grey. (These settings are just guidelines - experiment with them to create different types of smoke effect.)

Step 2 - Add Gaussian Blur

Next, add a Gaussian Blur (Effect > Blur & Sharpen > Gaussian Blur) to the Particle Playground comp. Set Blurriness to 15, and Blur Dimensions to Horizontal and Vertical.

Step 3 - Add A Mask and Make It a Wall

Next, we're going to add a mask to the Particle Playground layer that we'll use with the Wall feature to push the particles off to the side as they rise, so it looks like the smoke is being shifted by the wind.

Click on the Pen tool, and draw a simple 2-point mask directly in your Comp window to the right of the particle stream. Drag the handles of the mask to curve it slightly, and drag the top point so it lines up with the center of the Cannon stream. (Hit the Escape key after you draw the second point to make an open mask.) Your mask should look something like this:

Next, in Particle Playground, under Wall, set Boundary to the Mask you just drew. Leave the other settings at their defaults. This will make the particles bounce off the Wall as they rise, although you won't see much of that yet.

Step 4 - Create a Property Map

Next we're going to make a Property Map that will both increase the size of the particles and fade them out as they rise, for a more realistic smoke effect.

Add a new solid to your comp at the same size as the comp, and apply the Ramp effects to it (Effect > Generate > Ramp). Set up the Ramp as follows:

If you've made your comp at a different size, adjust the Start of Ramp and End of Ramp settings so that the Ramp is dark at the bottom center of the screen and light at the top center of the screen, as shown:

Next, pre-compose this comp (Layer > Pre-Compose...), choosing the option to Move All Attributes into the New Composition. Then, turn off the visibility of this layer as we don't need to see it.

Step 5 - Apply the Property Map

For the final step, select the Particle Playground layer again, roll down the Persistent Property Mapper twirly arrow, and set Use Layer As Map to your Ramp pre-comp.

Next, under Affects, set Map Red to Scale, with Min/Max values of 0 and 25, respectively - this will make the particles get larger as they flow up the screen, and so make the smoke "clumpier" as it rises. Then set Map Green to Opacity, with Min/Max values of 1 and 0, respectively, as shown here:

Make sure that your Map Green Min is set to 1 and the Max to 0 (the opposite of the defaults) - this will make the smoke particles fade out as they approach the top of the frame.

Preview or render this out, and you should get something like this:

Note that the smoke doesn't look all that realistic at first, but once it gets going, it looks a lot like heavy fire smoke. If you're planning to use this effect for your own purposes, bear that in mind.

Of course, try adjusting all the various parameters in your composition, including the Gaussian Blur settings, the mask position, and Cannon's properties and see how the effect changes. Have fun!

Want to become an After Effects master? Want to know the Secrets of Particle Playground?

Richard Lainhart

Richard Lainhart | Articles by this author

Richard Lainhart is an award-winning composer, filmmaker, and author. His compositions have been performed in the US, Europe Asia, and Australia, and recordings of his music have appeared on the Periodic Music, Vacant Lot, XI Records, Airglow Music, Tobira Records, Infrequency, VICMOD, and ExOvo labels. His animations and short films have been shown in festivals in the US, Europe, and Asia, and online at ResFest, The New Venue, The Bitscreen, and Streaming Cinema 2.0. He has authored over a dozen technical manuals for music and video hardware and software, served as Contributing Editor for Interactivity and 3D Design Magazines, and contributed to books on digital media production published by IDG, Peachpit Press, McGraw Hill, and Miller Freeman Books. Previously an Adobe Certified Expert in After Effects and Premiere, a demo artist for Adobe Systems, and co-founder of the official New York City After Effects User Group, he was, from 2000-2009, Technical Director for Total Training Productions, an innovative digital media training company based in New York and California.


Feb 18, 2011
Hi Richard,
This looks like something you could also do in Motion. Any thoughts on how these two compare?
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