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独家专访:迈克尔沃尔(FCP的最初设计者之一)谈的Final Cut Pro X中
翻译谷歌翻译

爱它还是恨它, 苹果公司的Final Cut Pro X

在这个独家功能的采访和指导Final Cut Pro中的X,迈克尔沃尔谈:

  • His recent and current video production work 
  • How he helped shape the original Final Cut Pro & his work at Apple
  • His favourite features of Final Cut Pro X 
  • The future of Final Cut Pro X and Video Production
  • Missing features in the new Final Cut Pro
  • His teaching ethos & why his new macProVideo.com FCP X Tutorial-  Videos are essential viewing

而现在,面试...


RS:嗨迈克尔,欢迎到集线器!感谢您花时间做这个采访。

分子量:谢谢。大到这里来。


RS:告诉你做什么样的视频为基础的工作。

分子量:当然可以。 IVE参与了很​​多不同的项目,在过去二十多年。从编导Web和戏剧项目的独立电影的商业编辑。进出口实际上就开始一个全新的纪录片项目,多数民众赞成在未来几个月内,多数民众赞成有关埃塞俄比亚农业转型。其将是一个为期五年的项目。

我主要是写,生产,直接和编辑,并为不同的项目不能做这些事情的不同组合。约5年或6年,我主要是租用编辑工作,然后我终于提出我自己的项目为重点,我睁开自己的制片公司,并没有更大量的生产和指导自己的工作。然后我停下来,做了很多的商业编辑,但仍对我自己和朋友,什么不能做了很多。


RS:有视频项目的类型,你的工作偏好吗?

MW:嗯,多数民众赞成一个难以回答的问题。我真的没有一个具体的东西。在我写的东西,它一般在独立喜剧,独立戏剧方面的东西更多。一般情况下,我想工作的事情搞我的事情,我可以相信,对于非虚构的纪实作品英寸,尤其是对我很重要,我相信在聘请的项目和它不只是一些企业的工作。早在我的职业生涯,我为雪佛龙公司做了一堆培训工作,做好加油站的安全视频和类似的东西。我会尽量避免的东西一样,这些天,坚持到IM更在感情上投入的东西。


RS:当然。告诉我们更多关于这部纪录片,“你目前正在。

分子量:埃塞俄比亚的国家是通过彻底改造的地方吗更有试图大修整个农业系统的基本学习,以更好地养活的国家。你知道其多年来一直非常贫穷的国家和theyve农业上和政治上的挣扎。盖茨基金会一直在试图改变其农业系统积极参与。一切从技术的农民使用地面教育,改进灌溉技术,商业和住宅。然后那里需要改善基础设施,以帮助获得市场的作物。例如,在地区路况较差,需要8个或10个小时得到他们的作物市场。有了更好的道路,他们可以有30分钟,并具有巨大的影响他们的生计。

这一转变,应该成功,我认为将不仅仅是农业部门的影响,但它真的会在一个戏剧性的方式提升整个国家。希望是,如果这一试点项目是成功的,它可以在其他第三世界国家,在非洲和世界各地的实施。


RS:你是导演,拍摄,制作这部纪录片?

分子量:我们惊人的DP奥斯卡提名,维森特佛朗哥,涉及到谁。伊夫了生产合作伙伴,然后生病可能会产生和指导,并做一些拍摄。但是,在结合本地埃塞俄比亚的生产公司thatll在它的每一个方面帮助我们以及工作。


RS:优秀。你会做任何编辑自己?

分子量:远远看见。生病可能做一个自己编辑的,其实相当。 Therere不同的交付。正在转向到盖茨基金会在中期视频显示如何进展。由于其5年的项目,以及提交中期总结视频和一些网络视频在其网站上炫耀的成功。同时,我们的长远目标,对整个经验和西方非政府组织进入第三世界国家,并试图帮助建立一个长篇纪录片。老实说,在这个阶段,我们不知道的长篇纪录片的主题将是什么,但我们希望能收集足够的素材,以创造一个非常有趣的和强大的的纪录片。


RS:这听起来像一个迷人的项目参与但最大的问题是,你会使用编辑画面?

分子量:( )好吧,看!在未来的五年中,therell在市场上的一些大的变化...在谈论与新版本的Final Cut Pro X中的差异大概是多数民众赞成刚出来的呢?一点很难说是否这个软件是最多的纪录片将有数千小时的画面,同时它的多人,多数民众赞成任务。然而,在未来的几年中,我完全有理由相信苹果升级和改进,我想,它最终肯定会。

Shot from Michael Wohl's FCP X Training at macproVideo.com

射击从迈克尔沃尔的FCP的X在macProVideo.com训练。


RS:我相信你创造原有的Final Cut工作?你能告诉我们更多关于您的参与在其发展呢

MW:实际上,我是第二个家伙,聘请的Final Cut队回到工作在1995年。我一直在Adobe工作的工程师,兰迪Ubillos。他基本上是带过来的Macromedia创建一个全新的视频工具,他马上联系了我,问我是否想过来帮忙设计这个新的软件(FCP)。

本来我的工作是作为一个本地视频Macromedia公司内部的生产公司做项目,测试软件,并给予反馈上的事情应该如何工作和什么可以让最好的工具。最终,成长为一个工作,我在那里大多是软件设计的... ...我的意思是,这是一个大的团队和我的一群人之一。我是做了很多模拟接口和专注的互动。也就是说,决定什么经验,以完成一定的目标所需要的用户。所以,作为软件的成熟,我搬进处理培训等领域,我所有所有的展览最初的演示。然后我所做的一切在苹果公司的内部培训,然后我在一些外部培训,为最终用户,并为培训人员提供涉及。


RS:因此,在此期间,苹果从Macromedia收购的Final Cut。 在苹果公司的Final Cut参与多久呢

分子量:好了,我从来没想过要留在的。当我第一次是在1995年时,我问兰迪多久将采取,和他一样,“哦,应该约需一年我们。”确定,我想我可能需要一年远离我拍片,关于这个软件的工作。 ( ),然后在未来五年的过程中我真的很高兴能参与。但首先它是一个非常艰苦和困难的过程。其次,我从没想过要在软件永久。我总是想回去拍电影,所以我答应自己只要我们运版本1 ID离开,并返回到

Remember this? The Final Cut Pro 7 interface

记住这一点呢?在Final Cut Pro 7的界面。


RS:

分子量:那么,它的重要,说的Final Cut Pro X中是不是一个新版本的Final Cut。要调用它,是误解了关于它的一切。它是一个崭新的新软件。正因如此,在我的愚见,我认为苹果wouldve有一个更好的时间,如果他们只是把它命名为全新的东西。我认为,观众的反应会更均匀伟大。现在看到一个非常反应不一。

设为毫无疑问,Final Cut Pro的X是一个惊人的软件。有很酷的功能吨,生病告诉你的第二个具体的情侣一个。我觉得有一个期望的问题,人们希望拿起正确的Final Cut不放过7 youve得到实现,这是一个软件,是永远不会生存再过10年,10岁的一块。它需要重新改造。我认为他们做了一个大胆的和困难的事情,做到这一点完成改造。不可避免地theres将是一个伴随着一种兴奋的很多很多的失望。

话虽这么说,我认为有不少真的很不错,新功能在Final Cut Pro X的进出口指的是明显的,华而不实的磁Timelinethe事情一样,当你拖动他们aroundIm没有真正的出路此留下了深刻印象。我的意思是冷静的头脑和它看起来不错,有些编辑itll防止一定数量的错误。但我爱在现实中使用的一个功能是试演,在这里您可以跳过多个版本的单杆单杆或多个效果,你可以很容易掉出在中间的编辑权。部分已通过从逻辑到Final Cut Pro X中集成的音频效果,是一个很大的进步。

FCP X's new Auditions feature

FCP的X的新试演功能。


我也觉得整体的元数据架构是伟大的。我百感交集,因为有某些方面是令人难以置信的强大,使用方便,将真正提高用户体验。与此同时,也有其他方面,它会强迫用户做更多的工作的前期。你知道如果你不输入大量的元数据:注意到,现场的信息和说明,然后它要困难得多工作与您的媒体,特别是大型项目,在Final Cut Pro X中。但是,如果你输入的所有数据,事情会是非常好的,平稳的。


RS:在我有限的时间内使用和测试的Final Cut Pro第十一看到它作为一个平台后,苹果公司有可能为今后建立。你觉得FCP的X有一个光明的前途为新手和专业用户的一致好评呢

MW:我当然希望是这样。 Theres肯定了很多工作,苹果需要做的最多的功能列表和用户经验水平的FCP 7。真正走上了细化,调整和越来越小的细微差别和用户体验无与伦比的15年(包括开发时间)。 FCP的X没有,还没有全部,它需要一段时间才能成长到这一水平。

The new Graphic EQ in FCP X

新的图形EQ在FCP X.


为了把它的另一种方式,FCP的X是非常有用的,将是一切你希望有一个很好的70%的用户。人从iMovie迁移,新的视频编辑的人,简单的项目,他们需要快速,轻松地让他们的编辑完成工作的人,这是将是一个惊人的工具从一开始就。

对于做更严重的专业项目,它仍然非常接近的人。你知道,它不是很远。但也有一些真正的障碍,它的Final Cut Pro 7的水平。


RS:能否谈一下我们目前缺少的功能吗

MW:嗯,theres大和theres一点。 Therere巨大的功能,如多机,音频混合,能够看到观众和帆布的同时,提供各种专业的编辑器的好处。 Therere也很多微小的事情,有很大的影响。例如,标记点和出点简单的方法。事实上,他们放弃了和出点一词。我认为它只是从根本上需要修复。我们需要能够看到剪辑的痕迹,并保持这些标记,当你从一个剪辑切换到另一个。另一种监督与组织。现在,你不能只是做一个简单的文件夹的剪辑。它的东西根本。如果您使用的所有关键字和非常好的智能集合,而这些自动化工具,可以使一个文件夹。所有这些工作真的很好。但作为一个文件夹,并坚持在一堆剪辑的简单的东西,你不能这样做。

一些,我觉得奇怪的是,丢失的小东西。吗更有不处理这种断路器,但他们可能会影响日常的日常编辑体验。这些微小的一些功能从FCP的7迁移和习惯到一个新的工作方式。但有些则没有,例如一些他们带走和其他theyve改变将使政府很难为人们迁移的FCP 7的键盘快捷方式。


RS:但是在FCP X,您可以自定义键盘快捷键在什么样的方式FCP 7用户改变了这种功能?

分子量:是的,你可以。但也有一些,斜面进行定制。例如,F键(功能键)不提供任何更长。也有键做多的事情。例如,U键纹波传入之间切换,波纹传出和轧辊工具了。这听起来像一个小的事情,但它实际上是一个非常不错的功能,能够挖掘一个键,这3个快捷​​键之间切换。的Final Cut X这些函数有3个单独的密钥,所以那里没有办法的地图,旧的工作方式。有这样一个类似的事情。

尽管这些小东西,千百万人将使用该软件。我想说,FCP的X有一些真的很酷的功能,它确实是一个惊人的软件。有不足之处,肯定。我的直觉是,确定这些缺陷并不一定意味着我们不应该使用FCP的X,但它意味着我们必须意识到,目前有一定的局限性。


RS:从我的角度来看,也许苹果正在寻找在从旧的情况,在视频编辑的世界相去甚远未来。 也许未来的地方大(视频)生产企业没有这样一个主导的声音,视频编辑是越来越多的消费者或准专业市场所接受你知道,人把YouTube上的东西,创造伟大的独立的内容对于较小的项目。

MW:我完全同意。我不认为专业视频编辑是不会消失,但我认为市场的大批量的将是,中档的空间,那里的人们创造高品质的(视频),但吗更有不这样做,在专业环境。随着技术变得更简单,每个iPhone更加accessibleliterally ITSO高清摄像机的每个人都将是视频,这将反过来需要一定量的编辑处理。你需要组织,并以目前theres工作,你需要做的。因此,一个工具,它是各种各样的人访问这个,还提供了足够的专业工具,可以给予了很大的成效,是一个​​真正的高招,苹果代表。

那里一个大局观这一切的背后也。该工具不是重点。点是讲故事和使用的工具,您的视频通信的内容。你能做大


RS:嗯,谈论

分子量:谢谢。我在加州大学洛杉矶分校教授,并已教了十几年或更多的研讨会和IM一个漂亮的充满激情的教师一般。我总是很热心IM感兴趣时,IM描述的东西,我总是试图沟通的方式,我认为将坚持。对我来说,这意味着在技术细节和命令的名称,而很重要的,是不是学习者最重要的事情。真的是你需要的是理解,为什么“你做什么”你这样做。你需要得到下面的任务的目标感。事实是,你随时可以回来,并再次审查的一步一步说明。

null

Final Cut Pro中X 101 -概述和快速入门指南


如果你坐在通过6个或8个小时的训练,并得到所有的信息,将是艰难的,每一个细节都记得,第一次观看。所以我尝试做的是确保IM这些关键要素是足够的沟通,“你这样做。因此,当你去到自己的系统去,使自己的电影,你可能不记得控制或步的确切名称,但你会记得那里没有办法做到... ...它也与此有关的东西。 Thatll帮助您在软件中找到自己的方式,或您可以查看视频要回那一个点。但是,如果我只是给你一个3000的命令和他们做什么的清单,以及他们是如何做到它像一个有很多其他培训录像,我觉得有这么多只是在左耳进右耳出其他的。


RS:非常有趣!期待您的FCP X教程在macProVideo.com挖你能否给我们任何信息,我们可以期望看到的标题

分子量:当然。我们开始免费1小时长的概述,从开始到结束,涵盖整个软件:从入门输出电影和多数民众赞成一个免费的模块,任何人都可以随时观看。它不只是一个演示,它真的给你了很多你需要知道什么的意识,才能开始。但当然,theres不是房间进入的深度和丰富的元素,首先介绍的FCP X。

然后,我进入的软件进入你的镜头和组织的广泛描述。这是FCP的X大正负之一: 媒体管理和元数据组织为基础的功能多数民众赞成建权英寸

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吸食和组织的Final Cut Pro × 102 -媒体:

接下来是编辑在磁场时间轴真的涵盖了所有的编辑素材的基础,到你的项目和左右移动的东西来帮助您建立您的项目,让你的粗剪。

null

在磁场时间轴编辑的Final Cut Pro X 103 -


高级编辑技术 ,它的微调和修整和多数民众,其中也将包括一些很酷的新功能的试演,复合剪辑和相关提示。音频工作是下一个模块和多数民众赞成真的打算覆盖有不少优秀的音频增强在FCP X.所有的音频编辑featuresand然后我们去标题,特效和合成。从裁剪,调整图像,关键帧和他们走动屏幕使用的所有过滤器,内置的所有标题与软件和发电机等。

然后,IVE分离色彩校正技术,为自己的模块。多数民众赞成会被一点点短,比其他一些,但其非常丰富的,因为这些色彩校正功能真的很酷,和强大的。最后导出和共享您的工作 ,其中包括一些媒体的管理技巧和窍门,太。


RS:多数民众赞成真棒。我不能等待看完本FCP的X系列!为表示感谢,深入步行通过您的视频教程

这听起来像你真的很忙生产macProVideo.com培训视频,运行制作公司,做大量的拍摄工作,写作,导演,编辑,制作课件,为苹果书籍 ... ... 你得到任何空闲时间吗如果你如何做你喜欢花吗

分子量:( ),那么真相是我的工作是非常零星。进出口超,超级忙碌,期间我有很多的空闲时间,我去,通过期间。当我这样做有停机时间,我当然喜欢旅行。我真的很喜欢国际旅行,并尝试做到这一点,当我可以。我有各种其他的爱好和东西,你知道,我画的和爱烹饪,我烤面包。这样很酷的东西。 ( )等户外活动,种种。


RS:非常感谢您的时间,迈克尔。其一个真正的高兴与您交谈。

分子量:谢谢!


加入FCP的X专家, 迈克尔沃尔 ,并学习这些教程的Final Cut Pro X中内而外

Rounik Sethi

Rounik Sethi | Articles by this author

Rounik is the Executive Editor for Ask.Audio & macProVideo. He's built a crack team of professional musicians and writers to create one of the most visited online resources for news, review, tutorials and interviews for modern musician and producer. As an Apple Certified Trainer for Logic Pro Rounik has taught teachers, professional musicians and hobbyists how to get the best out of Apple's creative software. He has been a visiting lecturer at Bath Spa University's Teacher training program, facilitating workshops on using music and digital media tools in the classroom. If you're looking for Rounik, you'll most likely find him (and his articles) on Ask.Audio & macProVideo.com.

Comments

Jun 24, 2011
macscoop
Hi Both,

What a fine, sensible and reassuring discourse on the new Final Cut Pro X compared with the diatribes on the Mac App Store.

We have a long way to go before we can rate the new software.

I have a sneaking feeling that the "professionals" are worried that we ordinary guys will be able to produce stunning output.

After all it is a good idea, good photography, a good story and NOT the software which makes a great film.

Regards,

Norman MacPhee
Jun 24, 2011
-M
I think this statement sums it up well:

"I don’t think professional video editors are going to go away"
Yes they will and already have.

"but I do think that the big bulk of the market is going to be that mid-range space where people are creating high quality (video) but they’re not doing it in a professional environment. As the technology gets simpler and more accessible—literally every iPhone has an HD video camera in it—so everyone is going to be dealing with video which will in turn require a certain amount of editing. You need to organize it and in order to present it there’s work that you need to do. So having a tool which is accessible to this wide range of people, and yet gives enough of the professional tools that can give great results, is a really brilliant idea on Apple’s behalf."

Yep, that's it folks! FCPX is consumer crap.
This is pure arrogance and ignorance on the part of Apple looking to generalize a product that isn't meant to be generalized.

Didn't anyone ever tell you that "specialists" are highly sought after and vastly more successful? We'll that used to be pull of FCP. Now we have iMovie Pro (or whatever you wish to call this) for the generalists. This is a failure app if intended as a successor to FCP, and its a success if intended as a hobbyist prosumer version to iMovie. Depends how you look at it.

Apple! Please sell off FCP to someone who will actually continue to specialize in professional video suites! They would have a huge and immediate market share, ecosystem and following. Then after you do, change the name of this to iMovie Super-Duper-Kazamo-Whamo or whatever delights you're iMovie desires.
Jun 24, 2011
Rounik


"I don’t think professional video editors are going to go away"
'Yes they will and already have.'
- I think you misunderstood what Michael was saying. i.e. Pro Editors, although small in market share, will always be around. Not that they will or won't stick with FCP X.

Give FCP X some time to mature and develop. It is a completely brand new piece of software. For 90% of video editing population it does almost everything that is required. Also remember that it took many years before the original Final Cut was deemed ready to be used in "professional" broadcast production suites, it wasn't adopted overnight after it's 1.0 release as the pro standard. FCP X (or iMovie Pro as you call it) needs more time for Apple to implement certain features, as Michael points out, before we can fully judge it.

That's my opinion.
Jun 24, 2011
BertCast
Reminds me of this cartoon on toothpastefordinner:

http://www.toothpastefordinner.com/062111/can-you-fax-it-to-me.gif

I appzapped my FCStudio, the future is here.
Jun 24, 2011
BertCast
It is amazing how so many "experts' have such blatant hatred for an app that has been out for 2 days!! What is up with that? Who are these people?


Jun 25, 2011
-M
Bert, are you a pro user yourself or just a casual hobby editor who has very little hands on use with (the now old) FCP?

If the answer is "no" then you really don't have any idea what we're up in arms about, but I assure you its a valid upset.

Are you an iMovie user?? If you are, you are sure to LOVE this new app. This app is an iMovie upgrade, not a FCP upgrade.
Jun 25, 2011
Rounik
@ -M,

I can understand your frustration with what's happened.

But at the same time, as Michael says, if Apple had changed the name and not connected it to the original FCP, perhaps all Pro's would be thinking about it differently. It's amazing what effect a name can have our perception of a product!

I would suggest for your needs to wait and see what happens. Send Apple direct feedback (polite & constructive feedback!!) on what's missing for your needs and continue working with FCP 7.

:)
Jun 25, 2011
-M
Yes I agree about the name, that's why everyone is calling it iMovie pro, because it's more appropriate. Were upset because we know this means Apple is dropping pro users, it's a fairly major deal.

And yes apple has received two feedback letters from me so far, and I hope they were polite enough :)
Jun 27, 2011
walkerbell
When you use and depend on tools every day its doesn't take a lot to recognize a better or lessor tool,

We are hundreds of thousands of people who make our living with this amazing tool - up to the release of this UNamazing tool - which will make cute youtube and other standalone videos - but this tool is in no way ( even a start of) any part of an integrated set of tools that people will pay us to do great work on, every day, day in day out.

This is NOT version one of a new product for people who make their living editing- this is based on increasing revenue from iMovie users.

Larry Jordan said it best in his manifesto yesterday - i paraphrase the title:

"Dear Apple

Apple does not normally ever comment on future products – though they did this year, prior to WWDC, because they needed to reset expectations. Because of the visibility of this product into an audience that can cause extensive PR damage to Apple, I suggest that Apple break its usual vow of silence and do three things:

1. Immediately return Final Cut Studio (3) to the market. If it is not compatible with Lion (and I don’t know whether it is or not) label it so. But put it back on store shelves so consumers have the ability to work with the existing version until FCP X is ready for prime time.

2. Fund the development of a conversion utility – either at Apple or thru a 3rd-party – and announce the development with a tentative release date.

3. Publicly announce a road-map for FCP X that just covers the next 3-4 months. Apple needs to be in damage control mode and the best way to defuse the situation is to communicate. Answering the question: “What features will Apple add to FCP X, and when?” will go a long way to calming people down.
Jun 27, 2011
Rounik
1. Apparently FCS 3 updates may become available soon. Whether that includes returning the actual product to retail shelves remains to be seen.

2. I don't agree. These are two completely different software systems... Until FCP X has some sort of XML import ability this won't happen. If it does I think it'll be at the detriment of FCP X development/

3. Good idea. Can you see that happening? They don't do this for apps and hardware with much larger userbases than FCP Video editors... why would they start now?
Jun 27, 2011
VibeRoom
Surely with Garageband in the mix, Logic will not see a similar fate... surely.
Jun 27, 2011
-M
I'm sure this applies across the board concerning pro apps
Jun 29, 2011
Beta Website Forum
Imagine Photoshop csx was release without layers and the pen tool, was left out and you could not export to pdf? You could not save anything for CMYK because print is out and digital is in? I think everyone would be jumping ship and looking at alternatives(Gimp maybe).

We don't have 15 years to wait for this software to catch up, we have already waited 2 years.
This software should never have been released with out 3rd party support(ajax,blackmagic),Import and exporting xml,omf.These are a few of the things that make it a Pro app (for me at least) My work flow demands that I export the video for my sound engineer so that we can import to Pro tools(Sound is 90%). I also need to colour correct footage and can't because my third party hardware is not supported.

You can import Imovie projects but you can't import fcp7 projects? That alone tells us it is a pro version of Imovie. If Apple don't tell the public what is happening in the near future everyone is going to jump ship! Our livelihoods are at stake here and we can't carry on guessing! It used to be that if you didn't work on a Mac you where not a Pro, I see that changing. Not only will Pro editors stop using FCPX they will no longer have to purchase expensive Macs to edit.

I agree story telling is most important, it comes before bells and whistle in software. But Pros want to have perfect sound and good colour grading. FCPX can't export sound to 3rd party products(OMF is gone)

Its sad because I really liked FCP7! I am all for change but at least give us the bare essentials so we can continue with existing work flows and grow at the same time. Yes digital broadcast such as Youtube and vimeo etc. is the future, but millions still watch television. And broadcasters are not changing to accommodate Apple

Maybe for the first time a Opensource software will become an industry standard? At least it won't cost $300 to try and seems to have all the features FCPX is missing.

Lightworks will be ready for Mac later this year and is Opensource. At least it won't be a disappoint as there are less expectations.
http://www.lightworksbeta.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=108&Itemid=247
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